This page contains some of the most common neck and shoulder conditions that can cause pain, discomfort, or disability. They can be spine related, or soft tissue related. Each topic contains expert review and author, and we strive to update the information as new evidence appears.
Neck Arthritis and Osteoarthritis
Arthritis is a universal condition that affects most adults. Osteoarthritis is also called degenerative joint disease (DJD) or degenerative disc disease (DDD) when it affects the discs. In the neck, osteoarthritis is a degradation of the joint surfaces and the discs, and can lead to stiffness and pain.
Neck Herniated Discs
Herniated discs commonly cause neck pain, neck stiffness, and disability that can affect the rest of the body and especially the arms.
Neck pain is the 4th leading cause of disability among working adults in the developed world.
Narrowing of the spinal canal can impinge the spinal cord in the neck, and it can affect the neck, the arms, and the whole body.
Upper Back Pain
Upper back pain is closely tied in with neck pain. Stiffness in the upper back can create a rigid foundation for the neck, and this can lead to a reciprocal tightness to the muscles in the shoulders and upper back, creating a vicious cycle.
Pinched Nerve in the Neck
Nerve compression in the neck can cause pain, tingling, or numbness in the arm. In more severe cases, a pinched nerve in the neck can cause muscles to become weak and atrophy.
Trigger Points and Muscle Knots in the Neck and Shoulders
Muscle knots can arise out of poor posture and other forms of neglect in your neck. Read here how you can treat muscle knots effectively.